Why Montessori

Differences between Montessori philosophy and traditional teaching

Montessori

Traditional

Emphasis on:

Emphasis on:

Cognitive and social development

Social development

Environment and method encourage self-discipline

Teacher acts as primary enforcer of discipline

Teacher has unobtrusive role in classroom

Teacher is center of classroom as "controller"

Mainly individual instruction

Mainly group instruction

Mixed age grouping

Same age grouping

Grouping encourages children to teach and help each other building self-esteem

Most teaching done by teacher

Child chooses own work, which leads to more interest for longer focus and concentration

Curriculum structured for child

Child works as long as he wishes on project

Child generally allotted chosen specific time for work

Child discovers own concepts from self-teaching materials

Child is guided to concepts by teacher

Child sets his own pace

Instruction pace usually set by group norm

Child spots own errors from a control of error built into Montessori Material

Teachers point out errors

Child reinforces own learning by repetition of work and internal feelings of success, building self-confidence

Learning is reinforced externally by repetition and rewards

Multi-sensory materials for physical exploration

Fewer materials for sensory development

Organized program for learning care of self, others and the environment

Less emphasis on self-care

Child can work where he chooses, move around and talk at will (yet not disturb work of others); group voluntary

Child assigned to own chair; asked to sit still and not work is speak during lessons
 

 

Loving Hands Montessori Preschool